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Will Li Keqiang Save China's 1.3 Billion People?


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The new Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Premier Li Keqiang
chaired a State Council executive meeting on March 18th.
For launching the so-called institutional reform,

he required all departments to provide a
quarterly timetable for institutional reforms.
Li Keqiang’s actions drew much attention as the first
executive meeting of the CCP State Council’s new session.
But observers believe that Li will not save
China’s 1.3 billion people.
Why?—Let’s follow our reporters to find out.

During the CCP National People’s Congress (NPC),

the NPC Council approved the State Council’s institutional
reform and the functions of the transition program.
The main point of the first executive meeting held by Li is for
the implementation of the functions transition program.
Li Keqiang required all departments to provide
a quarterly timetable for reforms at the meeting.

The meeting passed the primary duties, internal bodies
and staffing issues of the Food and Drug Administration and Railway Bureau.
Issues related to the Ocean Administration and the National
Energy Administration will be completed at the end of June.

[Hu Ping, Editor-in-Chief, Beijing Spring Magazine, U.S.]:
“From this meeting, we find that Li Keqiang is requiring
all subordinate departments to provide timetables,
which means there is currently no complete timetable.
Therefore, the reform could itself be in question;
besides, the higher authorities have policies, the localities
have their countermeasures—this possibility is very large.”

Cao Siyuan, a Chinese constitutional scholar who formerly
worked at the CCP General Office of the State Council
and State Commission for Economic Restructuring says
Li Keqiang will not save China’s 1.3 billion people.

[Cao Siyuan, Chinese Constitutional Scholar]:
“Li Keqiang does not get involved in the political reform,
so he doesn’t pay attention to it—
political reform is related to many aspects.
I think the most pressing matter at the moment is to remove
the terms of dictatorship within the constitution.
Dictatorship means killing people; if the terms of dictatorship
could be removed, it could be seen as a real breakthrough.”

The meeting gave 9 categories of “decentralization projects”
in detail, including the matters of approval on reduction
and decentralization on investment, and the subsidies
and interest projects for the local government.

The meeting also listed 72 tasks for the institutional reform
and the functions of the transition program.
The responsible departments and the time frame
for completion were clear.
Economic Daily News in Taiwan says this requirement shows
that Li wants to minimize the risk of the various ministries
shirking responsibility and lagging reform.
Reports say the various ministries should share responsibility
of institutional reform and follow the given timetable.

[Hu Ping, Editor-in-Chief, Beijing Spring Magazine, U.S.]:
“In 1998, Zhu Rongji became the Primer and emphasized anti-corruption!
After 5 years, he did not mention anti-corruption anymore
when he stepped down.
In fact, the bureaucratic corruption is even worse than
5 years ago.
When Hu Jintao came to power, he mentioned
a harmonious society,
but 10 years later, we do not find a harmonious China—
the situation is even worse.
From this perspective, we can’t hold optimistic expectations;
in particular for the implementation of the legal system.”

On March 17th, Li Keqiang voiced 10 rhetoric words
at the press conference.
Li mentioned that “our job will not be completed
rhetorically but by taking action.”
Political commentator Lin Zixu says, this means that

the CCP regime has reached a point where they need reform
regardless of whether Li Keqiang is active or passive.

[Lin Zixu, Political Commentator]:
“A slight move in one part may affect China’s whole situation
—didn’t Xi Jinping stress anti-corruption?
It stands to reason that anti-corruption
does not belong to the political reform.
However we have noted that the Internet anti-corruption
or microblog reports shake the CCP on a fundamental level.
As another example, the 9 tasks mentioned
at the State Council meeting yesterday,
will touch a lot of the interests of those in power
if they’re really implemented; so it’s difficult to imagine the chain effect.”

Lin Zixu says, Xi and Li have not talked about
political reform since taking office.
They may do practical things in silence,
or they may just choose the conservative route.
Regardless of how they act, Lin Zixu says, the general trend
of the CCP’s destruction has been very clear.
Xi and Li’s future will surely be bright if they follow the trend,
but if they try to save the CCP, he says, all their efforts will be for nothing.



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